MNOUCHKINE, ALEXANDRE (1908–1993), French film producer. Mnouchkine was born in Petrograd, Russia. One of the most influential producers in France, his endeavors left their mark on French cinema from the 1930s through the 1980s. He produced films with most of the great artists of his time, and a number of his films are among the greatest box office successes of France. He founded Majestic Films which   operated from 1935 to 1940, and from 1945 he was chairman of Ariane Films. Among the films he produced were Les parents terribles (1948), Fanfan la Tulipe (1951), Babette s'en va-t-en guerre (1959), Cartouche (1961), L'Homme de Rio (1965), Le Train (1964), Stavisky (1974), Garde a vue (1981), and La Balance (1983). His daughter ARIANE (1939– ) is the founder and main director of the world-famous theater, Theatre du Soleil (established 1964). Mnouchkine and the actors in her company – most of whom come from academic backgrounds – live together in a kind of commune. Their creative activities take place in a former ammunition warehouse in a Paris suburb which was put at their disposal in 1972. They renovated the building and turned it into a theater setting, La Cartouche de Vincennes. In 1960 Mnouchkine established the ATEP, the Paris University Theater. She studied the forms of Oriental theater in Cambodia and Japan in 1962. The Theatre du Soleil had its initial success with its presentation of The Kitchen by Arnold Wesker which was given in a Circus Medrano tent. The world-wide reputation of the theater was gained by its performance of 1789 in Milan in 1970 and of 1793 in Paris in 1972. The Mnouchkine formula for total theater includes physical expression and body language, the use of elements taken from the circus world, and audience participation. The performances also demonstrated a politically left-wing outlook on life. A movie made by the Theatre du Soleil on the life of Molière was also a great success. In 1984 Mnouchkine participated very successfully in the Los Angeles international theater festival where the troupe presented three plays by Shakespeare, Richard II, Henry IV, and Twelfth Night in a Japanese-Oriental adaptation. In 1992 she presented her production of Les Atrides in England. (Gideon Kouts)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Alexandre Mnouchkine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mnouchkine. Alexandre Mnouchkine, né le 10 février 1908 à Saint Pétersbourg (Russie) et mort le 3 avril 1993 à Neuilly sur Seine (Hauts de Seine), est un producteur de cinéma français.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandre Mnouchkine — (* 10. Februar 1908 in Sankt Petersburg; † 3. April 1993 in Neuilly sur Seine, Hauts de Seine) war ein russisch französischer Filmproduzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Mnouchkine — (10 February 1908, St Petersburg 3 April 1993, Neuilly sur Seine) was a French film producer.After his entry into cinema in 1932, he created Ariane Films in 1945. Alexandre Mnouchkine married twice, the second time to the comédienne Simone Renant …   Wikipedia

  • Mnouchkine — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexandre Mnouchkine (1908 1993), russisch französischer Filmproduzent Ariane Mnouchkine (* 1939), französische Theater und Filmregisseurin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mnouchkine — may refer to: Alexandre Mnouchkine (1908–1993), French film producer Ariane Mnouchkine (born 1939), French stage director This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal li …   Wikipedia

  • Mnouchkine — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Alexandre Mnouchkine est un producteur de cinéma français ; Ariane Mnouchkine est une metteur en scène française, fille d Alexandre Mnouchkine.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mnouchkine, Ariane — (March 3, 1939, Boulogne Billancourt, Hauts de Seine, France )    The daughter of French producer Alexandre Mnouchkine (1908 1993), she dedicated her life to theater. In 1964, she founded the Théâtre du Soleil (situated at the Montparnasse Circus …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Alexander Mnouchkine — Alexandre Mnouchkine (* 10. Februar 1908 in Sankt Petersburg; † 3. April 1993 in Neuilly sur Seine, Hauts de Seine) war ein russisch französischer Filmproduzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ariane Mnouchkine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mnouchkine. Ariane Mnouchkine, née le 3 mars 1939 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ariane Mnouchkine — Infobox actor name = Ariane Mnouchkine caption = birthname = Ariane Mnouchkine birthdate = birth date and age|1939|3|20 birthplace = Boulogne sur Seine, France yearsactive = 1964 present spouse = cesarawards = Nominated : Best Director 1978… …   Wikipedia

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